There are four main classifications of Saffron, these four types are based on the trim of the saffron thread.
To find the best types of Saffron first, you need to know the types and what is the difference between each type.
Saffron are the stigmas from the crocus sativus flower.
There are only 3 stigmas (referred to as saffron threads) per flower. Usually, the saffron stigmas are plucked from the flower and dried well. After the drying process, the threads are cut and separated into different types.
Types of Saffron
- Super Negin: Best of the best, this premium quality Saffron does not contain yellow/orange part of the stem. It is the best saffron kind because the threads have a good length and full red. So that you can find the maximum flavor and aroma.
- Negin: This type of saffron has a very small part of yellow color in the threads. And so, the saffron concentration level will be less compared to the previous one.
- Sargol: “Top of the flower” in Persian, Sargol consists of the red stigma tips only. Sargol saffron often contains broken threads.
- Pushal: This is the cheapest type and containing a lot of the “no value” orange/yellow portions. Many distributors take advantage of consumers by selling them the orange and yellow portions of the thread to increase their profit margins.
All in all, Persian Saffron will almost always be high quality as long as it is purchased through a reputable and trusted source. Iran will continue to hold a reputation of High Quality Saffron due to its highly suitable features, such as Climate, Topography, Soil, and Organic Harvesting methods.
Choosing any of these types of Persian saffron is a smart choice, but for those looking for the best of the best, Super Negin is the most expensive and rare form of Saffron. It’s also the highest quality saffron available on the market.